Different charging speeds require different plugs. There are number of different plugs types including 3 pin, type 1, type 2, commando, CHAdeMO, CCS and Tesla.
There are a few collaborations between manufacturers and regions now so CSS for example is used for most European made cars, CHAdeM0 serves mostly Japan and North America.
Before purchasing an EV and certainly before setting off in your new EV for the first time its important to know what type plug your car has. You can also check on the likes of zap-map to see what plug types the public chargers have, so you can planned where to stop before you set out on a journey.
Below is an image taken from Zap-map which gives a quick visual guide to the different plug types. It is split into slow, fast and rapid.